更多

  • 全球工程前沿2022(英文版)

    发文机构:智库观点

    发表时间: 2022-12-15

    Engineering science and technology is an important force to change the world, and engineering fronts represent important directions for the future innovation of engineering science and technology. Currently,changes of the world, of our times and of history are unfolding in ways like never before. The new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation continue to deepen. Human society is facing unprecedented challenges. It has become the common choice of all countries to keep abreast of the trends in world science and technology, accurately identify changes, respond to them scientifically, and proactively seek changes. n In order to track the development trend of engineering science and technology, the Chinese Academy of Engineering (CAE), the most honorable consulting academic institution in China, has been organizing a project known as “Global Engineering Fronts” every year since 2017. The research identifies and releases nearly two hundreds of engineering research fronts and engineering development fronts every year to guide academic development and promote the innovation of engineering science and technology. n The 2022 Global Engineering Fronts research rely on nine academic divisions and academic journals of the CAE to identify 95 engineering research fronts and 93 engineering development fronts, collaborating with Clarivate. This is done by paying equal attention to the engineering research and development fronts, integrating quantitative analysis and qualitative research, and combining data mining and expert argumentation. Among these, 29 key engineering research fronts and 29 key engineering development fronts are selected for detailed interpretations. n In 2022, we explored and formulated a technical system at the initial stage of the project to define the technology boundary and structure of the nine fields and sort out the correlation among the branches of technology. In the process of key engineering fronts interpretation, a development roadmap tool is introduced to study the development directions of key engineering fronts in the next 5–10 years. n This report presents the results of the 2022 project and comprises two parts. Part A explains the data and methodology. Part B presents the technology reports focusing on nine fields: (i) mechanical and vehicle engineering; (ii) information and electronic engineering; (iii) chemical, metallurgical, and materials ngineering; (iv) energy and mining engineering; (v) civil, hydraulic, and architectural engineering; (vi)environmental and light textile engineering; (vii) agriculture; (viii) medicine and health; and (ix) engineering management. Each report describes and analyzes the engineering research and development fronts in these fields and explains the key fronts in detail. n Identifying engineering fronts is a complex and challenging task. For six years, the research team have been focusing on the development hotspots and challenges of the global engineering science and technology and gradually explored a unique research path, that is, the research, forums, and journals were closely integrated to promote each other. The project was supported by nearly a thousand of academicians and experts from various fields and institutions. We are grateful to all of them!

  • 全球工程前沿2022

    作者:中国工程院全球...

    发文机构:智库观点

    发表时间: 2022-12-15

    工程科技是改变世界的重要力量,工程前沿代表工程科技未来创新发展的重要方向。当今时代,世界之变、时代之变、历史之变正以前所未有的方式展开,新一轮科技革命和产业变革持续深入演进,人类社会面临前所未有的挑战。前瞻把握世界科技发展动向,准确识变、科学应变、主动求变,已成为各国的共同选择。为研判工程科技前沿发展趋势,敏锐抓住科技革命新方向,中国工程院作为国家工程科技界最高荣誉性、咨询性学术机构,自2017 年起开展全球工程前沿研究项目,每年研判并发布全球近百项工程研究前沿和工程开发前沿,以期发挥学术引领作用,积极引导工程科技和产业创新发展。2022 年度全球工程前沿研究项目依托中国工程院9 个学部及中国工程院《工程》系列期刊,联合科睿唯安开展研究工作。研究以数据分析为基础,以专家研判为核心,遵从定量分析与定性研究相结合、数据挖掘与专家论证相佐证、工程研究前沿与工程开发前沿并重的原则,凝练获得95 个工程研究前沿和93 个工程开发前沿,并重点解读29 个工程研究前沿和29 个工程开发前沿。为提高前沿研判的科学性,在前五年实践经验的基础上,2022 年度的研究工作进一步创新,在研究最初阶段探索制定技术体系,明确9 大领域的技术边界和结构,梳理各分支技术之间的关联关系;在重点前沿解读过程中引入发展路线图工具,研判重点工程前沿未来5~10 年的发展方向和趋势。本报告是2022 年度全球工程前沿项目研究成果,由两部分组成:第一部分为研究概况,主要说明研究采用的数据和研究方法;第二部分为领域报告,包括机械与运载工程,信息与电子工程,化工、冶金与材料工程,能源与矿业工程,土木、水利与建筑工程,环境与轻纺工程,农业,医药卫生和工程管理共9个领域分报告,分别描述与分析各领域工程研究前沿和工程开发前沿概况,并对重点前沿进行详细解读。工程前沿研判是一项复杂且有挑战性的工作。六年来,项目研究聚焦全球工程科技发展的热点和难点,将前沿研究、学术论坛与期刊建设紧密结合,相互促进,逐步探索出一条别具特色的研究路径。工程前沿研究得到了来自我国工程科技界各领域、各机构近千位院士和专家的支持,在此向所有指导工程前沿研究的院士、参与工程前沿研究的专家表示感谢!

  • 全球工程前沿2021(英文版)

    作者:中国工程院

    发文机构:智库观点

    发表时间: 2021-12-14

  • 2020全球工程前沿-中文阅读

    作者:中国工程院全球...

    发文机构:智库观点

    发表时间: 2021-01-01

    工程科技是改变世界的重要力量,工程前沿是工程科技未来方向的重要指引。把握全球工程科技大势,瞄准世界工程科技前沿,大力推动工程科技创新发展,有效地应对全球性重大挑战,实现人类社会可持续发展,已经成为世界各国的战略选择。2017年以来,中国工程院连续组织开展“全球工程前沿”重大咨询研究项目,旨在按年度分析全球工程研究前沿和工程开发前沿,研判全球工程科技演进变化趋势。 n 本书为2020年度“全球工程前沿”项目研究成果,由两部分组成——研究概况和领域报告,描述和分析了机械与运载工程、信息与电子工程、化工冶金与材料工程、能源与矿业工程、土木水利与建筑工程、环境与轻纺工程、农业、医药卫生和工程管理9个领域的工程研究前沿和工程开发前沿概况,并对重点前沿进行详细解读。 n 本书为“全球工程前沿”系列丛书之一,适合各相关领域的科研人员、工程技术人员、高校师生以及政府相关部门的公务员阅读。

全部